Te Tiriti: Te Whanganui-a-Tara, 29 April 1840

Te Tiriti books pictured against a backdrop of Te Whanganui-a-Tara

184 years ago, in early April 1840, Henry Williams arrived at Te Whanganui-a-Tara aboard the Ariel with sheet 8 of Te Tiriti to be signed by mana whenua. It took him 10 days to convince 34 Rangatira at ‘Port Nicholson’ to add their marks/signatures to the document.

Here are listed eight of the Rangatira and signatories who resided at Pipitea Pā: Te Rira Porutu, Tamati Te Matoha (Napuna), Wi Kingi Wairarapa, Te Ropiha Moturoa, Takata Ingo, Hohepa Kopiri, Reihana Reweti/Te Kamo, Te Kahu/Hone Te Iwikau/Matoha).

Te Wharepouri and Rawiri Matangi resided at Ngauranga; Ngatata-i-te-rangi at Kumutoto; Taringakuri, Te Whakakeko, Hore Pakihi – probably at Kaiwharawhara; Honiana Te Puni, Kopeka (Te Puni’s uncle), Rerewha-i-te-rangi (father of Honiana Te Puni), Pamariki Paaka at Pito One; Te Puakawe and Hirini Te Tute at Waiwhetū.

Eight or more local Rangatira eventually signed Sheet no. 8 at Queen Charlotte Sound and Manawatū. Te Manu Toheroa and Tu-te-rangi-pouri of Queen Charlotte Sound had close whānau links to Pipitea and Waiwhetū and Ngakirikiri was also closely associated with Waiwhetū Pā.

Wi Hape Pakau (Pipitea and Waiwhetū) signed the sheet at Manawatū.

Read more about local signatories:

The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography on Te Ara has biographies written in both English and Te Reo Māori of the following:

And over on our Ngā Tūpuna o Te Whanganui-a-Tara page, you can find biographies in English and Te Reo Māori of:

Ngā Tūpuna o Te Whanganui-a-Tara was a project begun in 2000 in association with Wellington Tenths Trust, that eventually resulted in four published volumes of biographies of tupuna living in Te Whanganui-a-Tara in 1840 (and onwards). So many mana whenua painstakingly guided and steered these books to fruition with their knowledge, skills and enthusiasm, and we’d like to acknowledge them and thank them for their permission to reproduce selected biographies online, including those above.

Ngā Tūpuna o Te Whanganui-a-Tara

A small selection of books:

Introducing Te Tiriti o Waitangi
“In 1840, over 500 Māori leaders put their names to a significant new document: Te Tiriti o Waitangi or the Treaty of Waitangi. Through their signatures, moko or marks they were making an agreement with the British Crown. At stake was the sovereignty of the country – and the governance of the land. The history of this agreement is a remarkable one, told here in rich and compelling detail.” (Catalogue)

Te Tiriti o Watangi = The Treaty of Waitangi, 1840
“Published in conjunction with the He Tohu exhibition at the National Library. Each book celebrates one of the three founding documents in New Zealand’s history: He Whakaputanga: The Declaration of Independence (1835), the Treaty of Waitangi: Te Tiriti o Waitangi (1840) and the Women’s Suffrage Petition (1893). Each book will be focussed on the document itself, and feature a facsimile of the document (or part of it). The documents are framed by an introduction from leading scholar, and a Maori perspective on the document in te reo.” (Catalogue)

Healing our history : the challenge of the Treaty of Waitangi / Consedine, Bob
“The Treaty of Waitangi is the most important document in New Zealand’s history. Current Treaty issues and Maori/Pakeha relationships can only be understood within the wider story of New Zealand. As we understand and honour our history, we can acknowledge the need for restoration, healing and right relationships. The public response to previous editions of this bestselling book by Robert Consedine and his daughter Joanna Consedine has been strong and overwhelmingly positive. This 2012 edition updates and expands on the critical issues: the foreshore and seabed debate, Maori access to political power, and the emergence of the Maori Party; the remarkable growth of the Maori economy, self-determination, Maori language and the developments in Maori education; constitutional issues, and the benefits of the Treaty settlement process.” (Catalogue)

The Treaty of Waitangi = Te Tiriti o Waitangi : an illustrated history / Orange, Claudia
“In this new edition of her popular illustrated history, Dr Orange brings the narrative of Te Tiriti/Treaty up to date, covering major developments in iwi claims and Treaty settlements – including the ‘personhood’ established for the Whanganui River and Te Urewera, applications for customary title in the foreshore and seabed, and critical matters of intellectual property, language and political partnership”–Publisher information.” (Catalogue)

The Treaty of Waitangi companion : Māori and Pākehā from Tasman to today
“The signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840 has profoundly shaped relations between Maori and Pakeha in New Zealand – from the New Zealand Wars to the 1975 Land March, from Kingitanga to the Waitangi Tribunal, from Te Whiti to Don Brash. Sourced from government publications and newspapers, letters and diaries, poems, songs and cartoons, this book introduces the many voices of that relationship over the past 200 years.” (Catalogue)

Understanding Te Tiriti : a handbook of basic facts about Te Tiriti o Waitangi / Smail, Roimata
“Understanding Te Tiriti: A Handbook of Basic Facts about Te Tiriti o Waitangi” by Roimata Smail distills essential information for every individual in Aotearoa. Leveraging her two-decades of legal expertise in Te Tiriti o Waitangi, Smail presents the facts in this short book in a way that is easy to digest. The handbook uses accessible language and beautiful design to make it easy to understand, leaving room for the reader to absorb these basic facts. Suitable for adults and younger readers.” (Catalogue)

Bridget Williams Books: Treaty of Waitangi Collection

Bridget Williams Books: Treaty of Waitangi Collection

Did you know that your library card gives you access to numerous collections from the award-winning New Zealand publisher Bridget Williams Books online? Today we’d like to draw your attention to their outstanding home for online resources regarding the Treaty of Waitangi.

You can find there online versions of a number of the titles listed above, always available for learning. Log in with your library card number and PIN to have a browse below:

Bridget Williams Books: Treaty of Waitangi Collection

Useful websites for further learning:

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