Wellington City Libraries

Te Matapihi Ki Te Ao Nui

Brooklyn : Moe-rā

This was a small Te Ati Awa kainga and cultivation area on the hill slopes of Marama Crescent, off Owhiro road, near Central Park.

Mere Ngamai said that it should be Moe-i-te rā, meaning "sleeping in the sun".

Cowan (1959) says:

Moe-rā (Sleeping in the Sun") is one of the most pleasant sounding an descriptive local place-names. It was the name of a small Ngati Awa village which stood on the hill where Maarama Crescent now runs, overlooking the valley (now Aro Street) through which the little stream Te Aro ran to the sea. The kainga was so called because of its situation ' it caught the first rays of the morning sun, which shone brightly on the little settlement while the people were still asleep. The name in course of time came to apply to all that hillslope extending from Maarama Crescent westwards to Polhill Gully. An old-time lover's song for Moe-rā, for a young woman who had died, is quoted by Rangi Te Puni:

E pā rā te ua, e pā ki Moe-rā Ngā roimata Te Wehi-riri ka mau nā wā

The rain pours down, it pours on Moe-rā Even so flow my tears for my loved one Wehi-riri

In 1845 when surveying Māori cultivations to be excepted from the New Zealand Company purchase, the Government Surveyor, T.H. Fitzgerald recorded several "Māori gardens" and "whare" at Epuni, Ohiro and Willis Street - possibly Moe i te ra. The precise location of the cultivations might be able to be reconstructed from these old notes.

References:

Island Bay : Tapu Te Ranga

This island was the site of a small pa , a refuge of Ngati Ira following the Te Ati Awa invasion of Te Whanga-nui-a-Tara. (Māori history and traditions of the Taranaki coast by S. Percy Smith, 51, p. 410)

This is the place where Tamairangi, wife of Ngati Ira chief Whanake, and her children sheltered in a stone-walled pa following a penultimate enslaught at Turakirae.

When Ngāti Mutunga attacked the island the family was evacuated by waka to Mana where they were placed under Rangihaeata's protection.

The name may have been borrowed from the Hawkes Bay district (possibly by Ngati Mamoe. Best writes that it was an ancient name, commemorating the famed tapu house of Wharekura in Hono-i-wairua, Hawaiki.

References

Johnsonville : Waitohi

The Waitohi stream is the old name of the Nga Uranga stream. Originally the name Nga Uranga was restricted to the mouth of the stream which served as a landing place for canoes:

In his historical writings S Percy Smith,[...] recorded that Ngauranga which meant a canoe landing place referred to the land at the mouth of the Waitohi Stream and not to the valley at the back of the pa.

The name of Waitohi was never adopted by the colonists. The surveyors and other company officials through language difficulties and not being aware of the great love the Maori had for his land either failed to pick up the name or else overlooked its significance.

References

Best, Elsdon. (1919) The Land of Tara and they who settled it, Part V

Karori : Te Māhanga

Te Māhanga stream is the main head branch of the Kaiwharawhara Stream rising at Karori and flowing past Wilton Bush to join the Korimako branch at the top of the gorge of the Kaiwharawhara, a mile and a quarter from its mouth

Khandallah : Tari-kākā

Tari-kākā peak appears to be the correct form of the name of the high summit behind Khandallah, usually called Kaukau but also referred to as Kākā Hill.- this indicates a place where kākā snares were set.

Kilbirnie : Te Awa-a-Taia

This was a second entrance to Wellington Harbour, across the Kilbirnie isthmus. The great earthquake called Hao-whenua closed the isthmus in the time of Te Ao-haere-tahi, who was a great-grandson of Tara. Best estimates that this earthquake occurred 18 generations before 1900 - about A.D, 1460.

The name means 'the channel of Taia'

Reference:

Best, Elsdon. (1919) The Land of Tara and they who settled it, Part V

Miramar : Motu-kairangi

In the time of Tara, Motu-kairangi was an island, the largest of the three or four islands within Te Whanganui-a-Tara.

Whatonga advised his son Tara that this was the most desirable area to build a settlement, so a pa was built and the people moved from Matiu to Motu-kairangi.

Elsdon Best translates the name as "sky-gazing island", because there was a lack of a suitable level place, or flat or plain to serve as a place for the people to stroll. When people looked out from the pa, at night, they saw only stars and the moon, and in daytime, only the the sun and clouds drifting across the heavens, with the sea on either side.The fortress was named Whetu-kairangi.

Another explanation says that Hine-kiri, daughter of Tara, named Motu-kairangi.

Tara had remarked to Umu-roimata:"What shall be the name of our island on which we are dwelling?"
Te Umu-roimata said: "Is Te Whetu-kai-rangi such an insignificant name;"
"Oh", said Tara, "that name already applies to the pa".
Whereaupon Hine-kiri called out: "Let Motu-kairangi be the name for it".

The inference was that this was an esteemed or precious island -- and the most favourable place for occupation in the whole of the harbour, at that time.

Reference:

Best, Elsdon. (1919) The Land of Tara and they who settled it, pp. 13-17.

Newtown : Omaroro (or Omārōrō)

Omārōrō cultivation plot was located on the steeply sloping ground (perhaps terraced) on the spur of the Tūrangarere hills at Brooklyn, facing the north-east corner of the the Omārōrō land block.

The Omārōrō land block was a Crown Grant to Wiremu Tako Ngatata, a chief of Te Ati Awa, resident at Kumutoto, and to Hemi Parai, of Te Aro, on 1 July 1874. This block is now the Vogeltown suburb area.

References

Best, Elsdon. (1919) The Land of Tara and they who settled it, Part V.

Ngaio (Cummings Park Library) : Korimako : Bellbird

Korimako stream, named after the bellbird, is the Ngaio branch of the head streams of the Kaiwharawhara and rises on the southern slopes of Kaukau (Tari-kākā). It flows past Ngaio to join Te M`ahanga branch of the Kaiwharawhara at the top of the gorge, a mile and a quarter above its mouth.

Tawa : Takapū

This was a cultivation located in the valley of the Porirua Stream (originally Kenepuru) in the vicinity of the present Takapū Road. The patch of land here was claimed by the chief Te Patu-kawenga, of Te Ati Awa, when that Taranaki tribe accompanied by Ngāti Mutunga and Ngāti Tama invaded Te Whanganui-a-Tara rohe and drove out Ngāti Ira.

At the place above the Porirua valley, Te Patu-kawenga exclaimed 'Ko taku takapū tēnei' -- this is my belly i.e. place of food supply.

References

Wadestown : Ōtari : Place of bird snares

According to Elsdon Best, Ōtari is the name of the peak of Tinakori Ridge -- other names included Mt Wakefield, Upper Etako trig station, or Wireless Station hill.

The name Ōtari is now attached to a trig station two miles farther inland on the Tari-kākā-Makara Hill ridge, formerly called Te Whārangi ridge.

References

Best, Elsdon. (1919) The Land of Tara and they who settled it, Part V.

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