Kia mau ki te tūmanako, te whakapono me te aroha

First on the list of Māori material this year, is a lovely collection of whakataukī – pearls of wisdom – grouped under six “virtues” mātauranga/wisdom ; māia/courage ; atawhai/compassion ; ngākau tapatahi/integrity ; whakahautanga/self-mastery ; and whakapono/belief. The whakataukī in the heading of this blog is listed under “tūmanako” – and translates as: Hold fast to hope, faith and love.

Syndetics book coverMauri ora : wisdom from the Māori world / Peter Alsop & Te Rau Kupenga.
“Pearls of wisdom contained in proverbs – whakatauk-I – have been gifted from generation to generation as an intrinsic part of the M-aori world. As powerful metaphors, they combine analogy and cultural history in the most economical of words. Short and insightful, they surprise, engendering reflection, learning and personal growth. Mauri Ora links whakatauk-I to key personal virtues idealised across cultures and generations. The virtues – wisdom, courage, compassion, integrity, self-mastery and belief – stem from the science of positive psychology; the study of how to live a better life.” (Syndetics summary)

Syndetics book coverGottfried Lindauer’s New Zealand : the Māori portraits / edited by Ngahiraka Mason and Zara Stanhope.
“From the 1870s to the early twentieth century, the Bohemian immigrant artist Gottfried Lindauer travelled to marae and rural towns around New Zealand and – commissioned by Maori and Pakeha – captured in paint the images of key Maori figures. For Maori then and now, the faces of tipuna are full of mana and life. Now this definitive work collects those portraits for New Zealanders. The book presents 67 major portraits and 8 genre paintings alongside detailed accounts of the subject and work, with essays by leading scholars that take us inside Lindauer and his world.” (Syndetics summary)

Syndetics book coverTakatāpui : a place of standing / [edited by] Jordon Harris.
“Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Māori (takatāpui) tell their stories and reflect on the journey from exclusion and prejudice to taking their rightful place in Aotearoa. Illustrated with stunning colour photographs, Takatāpui features introductions by Witi Ihimaera, Ngahuia Te Awekotuku and the late Henare Te Ua.” (Syndetics summary)

Syndetics book coverTe toki me te whao : the story and use of Māori tools / Clive Fugill.
“It is over a century since the last major book on Māori carving tools. Clive Fugill, Master Carver at the NZ Māori Arts & Crafts Institute, tells the mythical, traditional and modern stories of the making and use of carving tools, including the adze (toki) and the chisel (whao) with detailed drawings and photos.” (Syndetics summary)

He iti kahurangi / nā Hēni Jacob.
“Particles are often a source of difficulty to Maori language learners, but using these correctly is essential in order to create a Maori spirit and flavour within the sentence, so that it sounds sweet to the Maori ear, and to follow nga tikanga o Te Reo Maori. Tohunga wetereo Heni Jacob explains the usage of the following pumuri and pumua: ahua, ake, anahe/anake, ano, ata, atu, haere, hanga, hangehange, harukiruki, hawerewere, he, hengahenga, hitarari, hitenga, hoake, hoatu, hoki, ia, iho, kaha, katoa, kau, ke, kehokeho, kenekene/keneuri, kere, kerekere, kino, kita, kitakita, koa, koia, kutikuti, mai, maioio, makehua, makuare/makuware, manunu, marie, matua, morukaruka/moruka, mea ake, na, nawenawe, nei, noa, nge, ngero/ngerongero, ngihangiha, ora, oreore, oti, pai, paku, panuku, patere, pea, penu, petapeta, piropiro, pohapoha, pu, puahoaho, puku, ra, ranei, rawa, rere, rikiriki, rirerire, riro, rukaruka, rukiruki, rukuruku, tahi, taiahoaho, tangetange, tangotango, tata, tere, tiahoaho, tika, tino, tokitoki, tonu, tuauriuri, uriuri, wawe, whaka-, whakaharahara, whakarere, whaioio.” (Syndetics summary)

Tikanga Māori : living by Māori values / Hirini Moko Mead.
“This is an authoritative and accessible introduction to tikanga Maori for people wanting to understand the correct Maori ways of doing things. It covers the ways that tikanga guides relationships between people, people’s relationship with the natural environment, spiritual areas, and health, and it proposes guidelines to test appropriate tikanga Maori responses to new situations and challenges in contemporary life.” (Syndetics summary)

Toitū̄ te whare / kaiētita Agnes McFarland rāua ko Taiarahia Black.
“A collection of articles exploring the role and significance of whare tipuna and marae as sources of traditional and ancestral knowledge, and of the richness of te reo Maori language and literature.
“Ko te kaupapa o te whare tipuna me te marae, he pupuri i nga korero tuku iho a te iwi mai ano i nga tipuna. He wahi hai wananga tahi i nga kaupapa. Ki te kore o tatau whare tipuna me o tatau marae ka ngaro atu tetahi wahi nui tonu o tatau, te iwi Maori. No reira, me kaha tonu tatau ki te whakapakari i a tatau ano, kia mohio pai ai tatau ki nga tikanga i runga i o tatau marae hai huarahi whakatairanga i to tatau reo rangatira. Ki te mau te reo ki roto i o tatau whare tipuna, ki te mau hoki ki te marae ka mau ki nga wahi katoa. Ko te tino putake o tenei pukapuka a Toitu te Whare he titiro atu ki nga papareanga o muri mai kia hangaia he pataka korero ma ratau, he whakatutu atu i nga heru herehere i nga ihoiho o tuawhakarere hai whakatipu whakaaro ma ratau.” (Syndetics summary)

Syndetics book coverWayfinding leadership : ground-breaking wisdom for developing leaders / Chellie Spiller, PhD, Hoturoa Barclay-Kerr, John Panoho.
“This book presents a new way of leading by looking to traditional waka navigators or wayfinders for the skills and behaviours needed in modern leaders. It takes readers on a journey into wayfinding and leading, discussing principles of wayfinding philosophy, giving examples of how these have been applied in businesses and communities, and providing action points for readers to practise and reflect on the skills they are learning.” (Syndetics summary)

New treaty, new tradition : reconciling New Zealand and Māori law / Carwyn Jones.
“Provides a timely examination of how the resolution of land claims in New Zealand has affected Mori law and the challenges faced by indigenous peoples as they attempt to exercise self-determination in a post colonial world. Combinind analysis with Mori storytelling, Jones’s nuanced reflections on the claims process show how Western legal thought has shaped treaty negotiations.” (Syndetics summary)

Maiea te tupua : whānau accounts of Waikato-Maniapoto World War One veterans and one conscriptee : commemorating 100 years of World War One / produced by Pūrekireki Marae with the support from Te Pua Wānanga ̄ki te Ao of the University of Waikato, the Waikato Raupatu Lands Trust, the Maniapotō Māori Trust Board, Trust Waikato and Te Puni Kōkiri.
Accounts by family members of: Te Rauangaanga Mahuta, Kohatu Hari Hemara Wahanui, Tuheka Taonui Hetet, Te Rehe Amohanga, Rotohiko Michael Jones, Joseph Ormsby, William Takoro Kohi.

Syndetics book coverIndigenous homelessness : perspectives from Canada, Australia, and New Zealand / edited by Evelyn J. Peters, Julia Christensen.
“Being homeless in one’s homeland is a colonial legacy for many Indigenous people in settler societies. The construction of Commonwealth nation-states from colonial settler societies depended on the dispossession of Indigenous peoples from their lands. Essays … argue that effective policy and support programs aimed at relieving Indigenous homelessness must be rooted in Indigenous conceptions of home, land, and kinship, and cannot ignore the context of systemic inequality, institutionalization, landlessness, among other things, that stem from a history of colonialism…” (Syndetics summary)

Journal articles:

AlterNative ; vol. 12, issue 4 (2016)
p. 341 Te Mata Ira : faces of the gene : developing a cultural foundation for biobanking and genomic research involving Māori by Maui Hudson […et al.]
p. 356 Ngā reanga o ngā Tapuhi : generations of Māori nurses by Leonie Walker, Jell Clendon, Leanne Manson & Kerri Nuku.
p. 369 A cause for nervousness : the proposed Māori land reforms in New Zealand by Paerau Warbrick.
p. 380 E Hine : talking about Māori teen pregnancy with government groups by Anna Adcock, Beverley Lawton & Fiona Cram
p. 396 Indigenous positioning in health research : the importance of kaupapa Māori theory-informed practice by Elana Curtis.

Heritage: What was, is, and will be

Te amorangi ki mua, te hāpai ō ki muri.

Syndetics book coverNew Zealand’s lost heritage : the stories behind our forgotten landmarks / Richard Wolfe.
“Features 20 notable structures which, for various reasons, no longer exist. Most of the buildings have been demolished in the name of urban development, creating controversy … Each building is discussed and illustrated including the circumstances of its demise. The selection includes: Ruapekapeka pa in Northland (burned down deliberately), Admiralty House in Auckland (demolished to make way for new roads) Wellington’s Parliament Buildings (accidental fire) Invercargill’s Seacliff Asylum (fire), TJ Edmonds landmark factory (bulldozed).” (Publisher information)
p. 88. House of Hiona, Maungapohatu
p. 110. Rangiatea, Otaki

Syndetics book coverMāori in Aotearoa New Zealand : understanding the culture, protocols and customs / Buddy Mikare.
“Buddy Mikaere provides a highly readable historical overview of early settlement in New Zealand and examines the impact of colonisaton and later a developing urban world on Maori and their traditional way of life. Today, the importance of marae and community remains strong, as do many time-honoured rituals. The renaissance of Maori culture has included the revival of the language and the flourishing of creative arts.” (Back cover)

Syndetics book coverChanging times : New Zealand since 1945.
“The book’s twelve chapters, which are arranged both chronologically and thematically, span the early post-war period to the present day, and engage with the key themes, ideas, people, places and events that forged the history of New Zealand in the second half of the twentieth century. In the course of our research we were struck by the multitude of voices we were able to recover from the written record.” (Introduction, p. 5.)
P. 247. Race relations : renaissance and reassessment.
P. 344. Shifting tides : Maori, Pakeha and the Treaty after 1984.

Syndetics book coverThe spirit of Māori leadership / Selwyn Katene.
“Explores what leadership is, discusses different models and styles of Māori leadership, describes the qualities and approaches of Māori leaders and, using this knowledge, looks at the attributes and styles needed in future leaders. The book provides insights into and analysis of traditional and contemporary models of Māori leadership. From this, it identifies three connected themes: understanding what makes a good leader, the importance of people and relationships, and the need to formulate a strategic plan and examines four leadership models: transactional, charismatic, transformational and organic.” (Publisher information)

Ngā kai-rui i te rongopai : seven early Māori Christians / stories retold by Rosemary Dewerse.
“The stories of seven early Māori Christians who, because of their commitment to the Christian Gospel, were instrumental in shaping and transforming their whanau, iwi, culture, and even the history of Aotearoa itself.” (Back cover)
Includes stories of: Tarore, Ngakuku, Kereopa, Te Manihera, Wiremu Tamihana, Heni Te Kiri Karamu, Ihaia Te Ahu.

The fourth eye : Māori media in Aotearoa New Zealand / Brendan Hokowhitu and Vijay Devadas, editors.
“The Fourth Eye brings together indigenous and non-indigenous scholars to provide a critical and comprehensive account of the intricate and complex relationship between the media and Māori culture [and] shows how Māori filmmakers, actors and media producers have depicted conflicts over citizenship rights and negotiated the representation of indigenous people.” (Back cover)

New Zealand’s Waitomo Caves : water, time, light / text by Brydie Walker Bain ; photography by Corin Walker Bain.

Alternative : an international journal of indigenous scholarship.Vol. 9, no. 4 (2013)
p. 365. Commentary: Decolonizing methodologies 15 years later by Eve Tuck.
“The following commentary is based on discussant remarks in response to a lecture given by Linda Tuhiwai Smith in New York in April this year. The lecture anticipated/commemorated the 15th anniversary of Smith’s Decolonizing methodologies : research and indigenous peoples, published in 1999 by Zed Books. It also marked the release of the second edition of Decolonizing methodologies in 2012.”–p. 365.

Historical journal / Otaki Historical Society.Vol. 35 (2013)
p. 12. Kipa Te Whatanui : the Skipwiths
(cf. Vol. 33. (2011) Skipwith connection spans continents)

Ara mai he tētēkura: Visioning our futures

Ki te kahore he whakakitenga ka ngaro te iwi

Manu AO Academy
Ara mai he tētēkura : visioning our futures

Mate atu he tētēkura, whakaeke mai he tētēkura

Wharewaka waitangi 88939_0452

Yesterday was one of those delightful days : a room full of Māori academics at Te Raukura : Wharewaka, on the waterfront of Te Whanganui-a-Tara, giving voice to their ideas on the āhua of new and emerging Māori academic leadership.

The formation of the Manu AO Academy is yet one more example of Mason Durie’s moemoeā and koha to New Zealand academia and practitioners, in advancing and developing a futuristic collective society and culture for every New Zealander. This is the trendsetting man who in the past had me (an outsider to health or tertiary systems) searching furiously to understand “nga whare tapa wha”, te pae mahutonga, and, more recently, transformational and transactional leadership.

So, I’m at the Wharewaka, my pen on auto scrawl, in a storm of frenzied note-taking, trying to net the whakaaro of first-up speaker, Tā Tipene ORegan, – his main themes being:
o A leader needs followers – if no one follows you, you are not a leader.
o A leader will resonate with and share the individual’s qualities, and aspirations, and will take you with him, on a journey to somewhere

Leaders need followers
Followers need a dream
Managers occupy a space

At the moment we are just imitating the stuff around us, but we need to own our own culture, develop a sustainable maintenance of heritage and intergenerational identity. And as yet there is no Māori business model that will lead us successfully into the future.

iwi need to move from a mindset of distribution of resources
to the creation of dynamic adaptation

[Invest for best rather than distribution]

where thought leaders challenge and innovate for what confronts us

Aha, needless to say, here is a man with serious vision, — a true leader sweeping us quickly along his journey.

Ara mai he tētēkura : visioning our futures edited by Paul Whitinui, Marewa Glover, and Dan Hikuroa. Published by Otago University Press.
In the various chapters of this book, a succession of young Māori academics: Amohia Boulton, Simon Lambert, Paul Whitinui, Megan Hall, Renei Ngawati, Reremoana Theodore, Marewa Glover, Melanie Cheung, speak of their thoughts and experiences for a new and emerging Māori academic leadership.
There was no difficulty in understanding and identifying with fieldworkers, and their themes of conflicting loyalties to iwi and institution, and, partnering with partners who haven’t bought into your vision or felt the need to share a vision, or indeed, the dangers of becoming compromised by others’ thoughts, without developing original ideas.
The speakers brought life to the chapters which they had co-written in Ara mai he tētēkura, and I urge you to seek out this book at your local library – or book shop.
But my attention was seriously derailed by the Megan Hall’s seemingly wild card reference to a blog by Alice Te Punga Somerville and her description of the palimpsest of moko on Rihanna’s hand. But there it was –a compelling example of layer upon layer of stories, of culture and history – and a need for every Māori academic developer to see and understand exactly what has been, and what now lies before their eyes.

A dance down Google land located Alice’s blog.

“… We talk now about places as palimpsests : the impossibility of engaging with any one account of history (either a story about history or its material proof) without noticing – even being distracted by – the many layers of history underneath. Rihanna’s hand is a palimpsest because it’s a surface on which has been layered many stories: a tattoo, another tattoo. However, each of those stories is itself and other story…”

She found culture in a hopeless place.

This is not really about Rihanna’s hand – what power could the small hand of a single Barbadian woman really have over us? – but it is about the many layers of history we cannot help but see when we look at her skin. And, as we ‘read’ each text, more texts become apparent: her African skin bearing the marks of Caribbean diaspora, the tattoo applied in Aotearoa, and finally a design applied in another (American-occupied, Spanish-speaking) part of the Caribbean which is apparently intended to look like the henna design which has its roots in the Indian subcontinent…”

This is a brilliant blog – by a brilliant young Māori academic leader. Please do click the link above and read the whole whakaaro.-

As for the rest of the speakers at the symposium – all so very interesting – you will need to locate the stream of the day’s kōrero –- hopefully on the Massey website.

The day concluded with a launch of a motivational flipchart which was “a compilation of a series of Manu Ao Academy Monday Motivational emails”(from the back page), and the three books on traditional and emerging issues and leadership. Selwyn Katene was a major author of the two books published by Huia Publishers.

Image from Huia Publishers
Image from Huia Publishers

Spirit of Māori Leadership by Selwyn Katene.
“The Spirit of Māori Leadership explores what leadership is, discusses different models and styles of Māori leadership, describes the qualities and approaches of Māori leaders and, using this knowledge, looks at the attributes and styles needed in future leaders. The book provides insights into and analysis of traditional and contemporary models of Māori leadership. From this, it identifies three connected themes: understanding what makes a good leader, the importance of people and relationships, and the need to formulate a strategic plan and examines four leadership models: transactional, charismatic, transformational and organic.” (From publisher)

Image from Huia Publishers
Image from Huia Publishers

He Kōrero Anamata: Future challenges for Māori by Selwyn Katene, and Malcolm Mulholland.
“This collection of essays by leading scholars – including academics and professionals from law, medicine, business and the social sciences – challenges our thinking on many fronts. The contributors draw on their research, knowledge and practical experience to address a variety of contemporary issues of importance to Māori. The topics explore identity and selfdetermination, the environment, te reo Māori, education, social and economic issues, and governance and leadership. Discussions reflect the many contexts within which new ideas arise and are then debated and explored, as well as the many ways in which knowledge can be created and shared. Throughout the book, Māori people, history, strengths, resources and circumstances are at the forefront.” (From publisher)

As the day drew to a close, we mingled for nibbles and drinks, bought our copies of the launched material, caught up with old friends and then departed for home, with more food for thought from an inspirational day.

Ko te kai a te rangatira he korero
The food of chiefs is eloquence

Ko te mahi a te rangatira ka whakatiratira nga iwi
The work of chiefs is uniting everyone

Ko te tohu o te rangatira, he manaaki
The sign of chiefs is respect

Treaty claims, language revitalisation, leadership, inequality and mentoring for wellbeing

This month two substantial reports arising from Waitangi Tribunal claims have been published. There is an interesting bracket of scholars writing on inequality in New Zealand, and a small revised booklet on Māori pathways to leadership.

The Ngāti Kahu remedies report : Wai 45.
“This publication is a report by the Waitangi Tribunal into an application by Te Rūnanga-ā-iwi o Ngāti Kahu (Ngāti Kahu), an iwi of the Te Hiku (Far North) region. Ngāti Kahu sought recommendations from the Tribunal that the Crown transfer land and assets to them in order to remedy the prejudice caused by Crown acts and omissions previously found by the Tribunal to be in breach of the Treaty of Waitangi. Ngāti Kahu asked the Tribunal to use its binding powers to require the Crown to transfer formerly Crown-owned land to the iwi, some of which was in private ownership. The Crown and other iwi of Te Hiku opposed the remedies sought, as they involved transferring land to Ngāti Kahu that the other iwi already owned, or which had been earmarked for return to them through their Treaty claims settlements with the Crown. The Crown also viewed the application, if successful, as potentially destabilising its Treaty claims settlement programme, both regionally and nationally. The Tribunal concluded that, although binding recommendations were in this case not warranted, Ngāti Kahu were nonetheless deserving of remedy for the prejudice suffered. The Tribunal therefore made a series of non-binding recommendations that it believed would achieve this purpose”. (Publisher information)

Syndetics book coverBringing our languages home : language revitalization for families / edited, with a how-to guide for parents, by Leanne Hinton.
Chapter 6. My language story by Hana O’Regan.
“Thirteen autobiographical accounts of language revitalization are brought together by Leanne Hinton, professor emerita of linguistics at UC Berkeley.” (adapted from back cover)

Syndetics book coverInequality : a New Zealand crisis / edited by Max Rashbrooke.
“A staggering rise in wealth disparity has transformed New Zealand from one of the developed world’s most equal nations to one of the most unequal. So dramatic has been this shift from a supposedly egalitarian society that the future has become difficult to grasp. What are the options for – and barriers to – tackling the gap between rich and poor? Inequality addresses these questions in the New Zealand context – a powerful argument from some of the country’s leading commentators.” (Publisher information)
Writers include: Max Rashbrooke, Robert Wade, Ganesh Nana, Jonathan Boston, Karlo Mila, Philippa Howden-Chapman, Sara Bierre, Chris Cunningham, Kim Workman, Tracey McIntosh, Cathy Wylie, Evan Te Ahu Poata-Smith, Paul Barber, Paul Dalziel, Nigel Haworth,Mike O’Brien, Linda Tuhiwai Smith.

Māori mentoring and pathways to wellbeing = Te huarahi o te ora / Rachael Selby & Alex Barnes.
“Whānau, hapū and iwi, education, sport and social service organisations will find the account of this marae-based whānau mentoring programme well worth reading. Ngāti Pareraukawa, a hapū based on the western side of Lake Horowhenua, set out to boost participation in marae activities by rewarding members with a bond to a mentor from the marae. Initally, mentees were young people; rangatahi drawn to the marae for support and the opportunity to set health and education goals. Almost instantaneously, their parents suggested that the mentoring programme be extended to include all whānau, regardless of age. Parents and grandparents set goals, attended hui, reported on their achievements and added a creative dynamic to the programme. This book records the first six years of the programme. It is marae-based, yet reaches out to North and South Island communities where clusters of whā̃nau reside. It has been supported by one of New Zealand’s most well-known philanthropic donors: the JR McKenzie Trust. This interesting donor-donee relationship is further explored and attracts the interest of the Philanthropic community.” (Back cover)

Syndetics book coverNgāpuhi speaks : He Wakaputanga o te rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni and Te Tiriti o Waitangi = independent report, Ngapuhi Nui Tonu claim / commissioned by kuia and kaumātua of Ngāpuhi.
“The hearing of the Ngāpuhi Nui Tonu initial claim required the Waitangi Tribunal to look into the Ngāpuhi and Crown understandings of He Wakaputanga – often referred to as the Declaration of Independence – and Te Tiriti o Waitangi. This independent report considers the evidence presented to the Tribunal and, in particular, the assertion by Ngāphui Nui Tonu that in assenting to Te Tiriti they did not cede their sovereignty to the Crown”. (page one)

Syndetics book coverTe ara : Māori pathways of leadership = Der Weg der Māori / Krzysztof Pfeiffer and Paul Tapsell ; [editor, Peter Dowling ; German translation, Katya Sharpe, Lena Fraser-Landmann ; Māori translation, Hone Sadler].
“Te Ara is a Maori story of tribal leadership from the time our ancestors first ventured into the Pacific over 3000 years ago up to today’s global challenges” (Back cover)

E rua ngā kaupapa o Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa.

Two links to te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa, this month : Alice Te Punga-Somerville’s Once were Pacific, with a lovely front cover by Michel Tuffery, and a very attractive Huia Publishers’ graphic novel of Ngarimu, the VC hero of WWII, with pictures by Andrew Burdan.

Syndetics book coverThe view from up there / Gerry Te Kapa Coates.
The View from up there is Gerry Coates’ first collection of writing. These poems and stories span 50 years, from the excitement of a boy taking a flight in a Tiger Moth above the Waitaki Valley, to a brush with fame, and even the celebration of a first kiss” – (adapted from Back cover summary)

Syndetics book coverShaken down 6.3 : poems from the second Christchurch earthquake, 22 February 2011/ Jeffrey Paparoa Holman.
“Jeffrey was recently 2011 Writer in residence at the University of Waikato, Hamilton. He lives in Christchrch and is a senior adjunct fellow in the School of Humanities at the University of Canterbury. Here is his collection of thoughts and pictures following the 6.3 earthquake.” – (adapted from Back cover summary)

Syndetics book coverTe ara : Māori pathways of leadership = Der Weg der Māori / Krzysztof Pfeiffer and Paul Tapsell ; [editor, Peter Dowling ; German translation, Katya Sharpe, Lena Fraser-Landmann ; Māori translation, Hone Sadler].
“Te Ara is a Maori story of tribal leadership from the time our ancestors first ventured into the Pacific over 3000 years ago up to today’s global challenges.” – (adapted from Back cover summary)

Once were Pacific : Māori connections to Oceania / Alice Te Punga Somerville.
“Explores the relationship between indigeneity and migration among Māori and Pacific peoples. Once Were Pacific considers how Māori and other Pacific peoples frame their connection to the ocean, to New Zealand, and to each other through various creative works. In this sustained treatment of the Māori diaspora, Māori scholar Alice Te Punga Somerville provides the first critical analysis of relationships between Indigenous and migrant communities in New Zealand.” – (adapted from Publisher’s description)

Syndetics book coverNgārimu : te Tohu Toa / nā Andrew Burdan ngā pikitia.
“Tells the story of Moananui-a-Kiwa Ngārimu, the first Māori soldier to be awarded the Victoria Cross, describing the battle on the 26 & 27th of March 1943 in which he fought heroically, but was killed. Suggested level: secondary.” – (adapted from Syndetics summary)