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Te Matapihi Ki Te Ao Nui

List of Maori Tribes and Chiefs

Source: An Epitome of Official Documents Relative to Native Affairs and Land Purchases in the North Island ... (1878) Enclosure. (A3 p. 185)

Rarawa
Number: 2,701. Friendly.
Leading men : Puhipi to Ripi, Wi Tana Papahia, Te Anga, Te Morenga, Tehu to Tai, Paraone Ngaruhe, Tipene to Taha.

Ngapuhi
Number: 5,804. Friendly.
Leading men : Tamati Waka Nene (a thorough friend all his life to the pakeha - one of those to whom it is owing that Heke's rebellion in 1845-46 was quelled), Rangatira Moetara, Aperahama te Taonui, Arama Karaka Pi, Mohi Tawhai, Papahurihia, Hira Mura, Piripi Korongohi, Hare Wirikake, Hemi Marupo, Kingi W. Tareha, Maihi Kawiti, Huirua, Kingi Hori Kira, Te Tirarau, Parata Mate.

Ngatiwhatua
Number: 709. Friendly.
Leading men: Te 0tene Pura, Paraone Ngaweke, Paikea, Apihai te Kawau, Te Hemara Tauhia.

Ngatimaru
Number: 3,670. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Haora Tipa, Te Taniwha Kitahi, Ropata to Arakai, Ngakapa W., Taraia, Te Hirakake, Te Moananui.

Ngaiterangi
Number: 1,198. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Hori Tupaea, Hamiora Tu, Wiremu Parera, Hohepa Hikataia, Enoka to Whanake, Te Kuka, Maihi Pohepohe, R. te Hiahia, Te Ranapia.

Waikato, etc
Number: 2279. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Ta Kerei to Rau, Tamati Ngapora (Matutaera's principal political adviser), Wi te Wheoro, Te Hakiriwi, Te Pakaroa, Tamihana Tunui, Aihepene Kathau, Hori Tauroa, Heta Tauranga (W. Thompson's son-in-law), Matutaera Potatau (the so-called Maori King), Waikato te Tawhana, Nini Kukutai.

Ngatimaniapoto
Number: 2,000. All hostile.
Leading men: Rewi Maniapoto, Tikaokao, Te Tapihana Tiriwa (taken prisoner at Rangiriri). These three chiefs are and have been active and resolute opponents of the Government.

Ngatiawa
Number: 1,293.(1) Mostly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men: Honiana te Puni (the E Puni of the New Zealand Company's reports: to this chief's influence it was mainly owing that the war in the Wellington Province in 1846 was brought to a close ; he has been a firm and faithful friend of the pakeha from the very first), Ropiha Moturoa, Ihaia Porutu, Wi Tako Ngatata, Wikitoa Taringakuri (supposed to be one of the oldest living chiefs), W. Kingi te Rangitake (William King of the Waitara war), Te Teira Manuka (the chief seller of the Waitara Block in 1860), Mahau, Poharama, Pirika Mahutu, Ropoama te One (of Marlborough), W. K. te Puoho (of Nelson).

Taranaki
Number: 400.(2) Partly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaue.
Leading men: W. Kingi Matakatea, Mohi Taranaki, Hemi Parai, R. Ngarongomate, Porikapa.

Ngatiruanui
Number: 750.(3) Partly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Hone Pihama (a returned rebel, and since his return a most active and trustworthy friend), Hone Wiremu, Ngatairakaunui, W. Hukanui, Natanahira Nga Hina, Tito to Hanataua, Nga Waka Taurua, Titokowaru, Toi, Ahipene Marangai (friendly all through the war).

Ngarauru
Number: 400. Mostly returned rebels.
Leading men : Aperahama Tamaiparea, Te Kepa Heuheu

Whanganui
Number: 1,427. Friendly.
Leading men : Hori Kingi to Anaua, Te Mawae, Mete Kingi Paetahi, Kepa Rangihiwinui, Kawana Paipai, Tamati Puna, Haimona te Aoterangi (these seven chiefs distinguished themselves in the battles of Moutoa and Ohoutahi), Pehi Turoa (rebel).

Ngatiapa
Number: 325. Friendly.
Leading men : Aperahama Tipae, Hunia te Hakeke, Mohi Mahi, Wi Mokomoko.

Rangitane
Number: 250 (4) Friendly.
Leading men : Te Huru te Hairo, Te Peiti te Aweawe, Hoani Meihana te Rangiotu, Hirawanu Kai Mokopuna.

Muaupoko
Number: 125. Friendly.
Leading men: Noa te Whata, Maru to Rangimairehau. (Rangitane and Muaupoko are really sub-tribes of Ngatikahungunu, though they are spoken of as distinct tribes.)

Ngatikahungunu
Number: 2,952. Friendly.
Leading men : Tareha, Te Hapuku, Ihaka Whaanga, Karaitiana, Renata Kawepo, Ngairo, Te Manihera Rangitakaiwaho, Paora to Apatu.

Te Arawa
Number: 1,951.(x,5) Friendly.
Leading men : Henare Pukuatua, Paora te Amohau, Petirata Pukuatua, Temuera, Arama Karaka, Te Matangi, Te Pokiha Taranui, Matene te Huaki, Te Mapu, Hori te Haupapa, Rewi Tereanuku, W. Maihi te Rangikaheke, Wiremu Rupa, Wiremu Katene, W. Kepa te Rangipuawhe, Te Wikiriwhi.

Ngatiawa
Number: 659. Mostly friendly at present.
Leading men : Opanui, Hohaia Matatihokia, Hori Tunui.

Whakatohea
Number: 573. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Rangimatanuku, Witeria Taawhi.

Ngaitai.
Chief : W. K. Tutehuarangi.

Whanau a Apanui.
Leading men : Tatona Ngatawa, Hamiora Reweti.

Te Urewera
Number: 500. In active rebellion.
Leading men : Harehare, Hamiora Takurua, Te Hike o te Rangi.

Ngatituwharetoa
Number: 500. Friendly.
Leading men : Te Heuheu, Te Herekiekie, Poihipi Tukairangi, Hohepa Tamamutu, Hare Tauteka, Takeura Tauteka.

Ngatiraukawa
Number: 1,071.(6) Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Aperahama te Huruhuru, Nepia Taratoa, Noa to Rauhihi, Matene te Whiwhi, To Kooro te One, Tamihana te Rauparaha.

Ngaitawarere
Number: 300. Leading men : Matenga, Te Hata.

Rongowhakaata
Number: 1,000. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Hirini te Kani, Raharuhi Rukupo, Henare Potae, Te Paratene Turangi.

Ngatiporou (7)
Number: 4,500 Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number of professed Hauhaus.
Leading men : Wiki te Matehe, Mokena Kohere, Iharaira te Houkamau, Tai Ngaruru.

Approximate total population in the Northern Island, including such members of northern tribes as are resident in the Province of Nelson, such as Ngatiawa, Rangitane, Ngatitoa, etc. 37,017
Ngaitahu and Ngatimamoe. Leading men: Pita te Hori, Matiaha Tiramorehu, Honi Topi Patuke 1,500
Approximate total population ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 38,517

x. These numbers are based upon returns furnished to the Native Office by the Resident Magistrates in the several districts comprising the Waikato territory, but only show the number at present residing in the District of Waiuku, Waikato, and Raglan.

(1) This number includes also such of the Ngatiawa and Ngatitama as are resident in the Wellington and Nelson Provinces.
(2) Including also such of the Taranaki as are resident in the Wellington Province.
(3) Including also such of the Ngatiruanui as are resident in the Wellington Province.
(4) Including such of the Rangitane as are resident in the Middle Island.
(5) This is probably an underestimate of the Arawa.
(6) This number includes the Ngatitoa who have intermarried almost completely into the Ngatiraukawa. Also such of Ngatitoa as are resident in the Nelson Province.
(7) Including prisoners at the Chatham Islands.

Source: An Epitome of Official Documents Relative to Native Affairs and Land Purchases in the North Island of New Zealand, compiled and edited by H. Hanson Turton. Maori Deeds of Land Purchases in the North Island of New Zealand. Vol. II, Provinces of Taranaki, Wellington, and Hawke's Bay. [1878] Enclosure. (A3 p. 185)

Korero o te Wa I Raraunga I Rauemi I Te Whanganui a Tara I Whakapapa