Read up on Earthquake facts

It’s been a pretty scary couple of days here in Wellington (and all over New Zealand) after the big 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit on Monday morning! Maybe it even woke you up? I thought this would be a good time to refresh our knowledge on earthquakes and what we need to do in an emergency.

 

So, what IS an earthquake?

 

The surface of the earth is covered in large rocks (or plates), which we call the earth’s crust. Earthquakes happen when these rocks move, causing a great release of energy that travels through the earth.

 

The edges where different plates in the earth’s crust meet are called fault lines, and these are often where earthquakes are most likely to centre, although people will feel them from a long way away.

 

After a major earthquake, it is also normal to feel lots of smaller aftershocks for days or even weeks afterwards. An instrument called a seismograph records and measures the size of an earthquake. Geonet keeps a record of all the earthquakes that have occurred across the country, so check out their website to see just how many aftershocks we’ve had in the past couple of days!

 

Because we never know when an earthquake might happen, it is really important that we are prepared and know what to do when an earthquake hits.

 

The first thing you need to remember if you feel an earthquake is to drop. If you are close to a sturdy table or desk, you can crouch underneath, otherwise cover your head with your arms to protect yourself from things that could fall on you. Lastly, hold your position until you feel the shaking stop, or until an adult tells you it is safe.

 

Drop, cover, hold – pretty easy right? You might like to have a quick practice now.

 

If you are interested to learn more about earthquakes, or how and why they happen, we’ve got lots of great books available through the catalogue. You might also like to read this information from Civil Defence about how to be prepared for an emergency, or check out the science kids website for more earthquake facts.

Stay safe out there!

 

Kids’ Club Review by Rohan: Graphic Natural Disasters: Earthquakes

Graphic Natural Disasters: Earthquakes, by Rob Shone

Graphic Natural Disasters: Earthquakes is an awesome book, because it is very informative. I like the way it hooks the reader in, like when it shows Kobe, Japan (see page 26-27) as a beautiful modernised city with not a single sign of an earthquake (not to mention that Japan is on an earthquake zone)! I also like those magnificent drawings, for example on page 27, because of that beauty which I always find in pictures of cities/villages from above, since all the buildings look like tiny insects on the ground! I also greatly enjoy this book because it is about one of my favorite subjects (this is the reason I wrote this review): Earthquakes! I do not mean that earthquakes are good, because even though they may be interesting, they are not good, and usually are not helpful, since they can just occur and then, Boom! something cool, like a birthday is gone in even a few seconds!

Okay. so what is this book about? Earthquakes. now… Hmm. What words could I use to describe the book? Interesting, informative… Uhhh.. Wait a second. I could say the book features three earthquakes, that were the San Francisco, USA Earthquake (occurred in 1906), The Great Hanshin Earthquake/ Kobe, Japan Earthquake (occurred in 1995) and the South Asia Earthquake/Kashmir, Pakistan Earthquake ( occurred in 2005). I like this book very much because it features many interesting stories based on real earthquakes.

YOU HAVE GOT TO READ THIS BOOK!!!

(Just relating to the South Asia Earthquake/Kashmir, Pakistan Earthquake, did you know that Kashmir is in between two countries, India and Pakistan? They are at war in that beautiful war zone because they are fighting over who gets the portion of Kashmir. When it says Kashmir, Pakistan, it is not owned by Pakistan. It is only the divided half of Kashmir given to Pakistan. I don’t know whom you are supporting, but I am supporting India!).

5 stars

Reviewed by Rohan from Johnsonville, 8 years old

Get ready to Shakeout!

If an earthquake happened right now, would you be ready? Would you know what to do?

New Zealand is an earthquake prone country and we all know how devastating the ones in Canterbury have been. You need to know and practice what to do when an earthquake strikes -have a plan for when you are at home, at school, at a friends place, or anywhere!

There is a nation-wide earthquake drill coming up called SHAKEOUT.

On Wednesday September 26th at 9.26am there will be a pretend earthquake that will hit New Zealand, so you can practice what you will do when a real one hits. over 1 million New Zealanders have registered to take part in the drill -are you participating?

If you school or family is taking part make sure you listen to the instructions of the adults around you and Drop, Cover and Hold. The Civil Defence website has information, instructions and videos about what to do in an earthquake (check out the info about other disasters like floods, volcanoes and tsunamis while you are there).